According to estimates (January 1, 2015), current population of Italy is 60,808,000. As a result of the profound economic and social changes induced by postwar industrialization, during the 1980s Italy started to attract rising flows of foreign immigrants. Today in Italy live about 5 million foreign residents, that make up 9% of the total population. The distribution of immigrants is largely uneven: 84.9% of immigrants live in the northern and central parts of Italy (the most economically developed areas), while only 15.1% live in the southern half of the peninsula. At the end of the 2000s the foreign born population of Italy was from: Europe (54%), Africa (22%), Asia (16%), the Americas (8%) and Oceania (0.06%). In terms of tourism, Italy is the fifth highest tourist earner, and fifth most visited country in the world with more than 47,7 million tourists per year.